In June 1962
the R8, a model derived from the popular "Dauphine"
(which in turn was based on the 4CV).
The Dauphine's chassis was carried over, as was the engine
placement at the rear of the vehicle. At the time, many
journalists thought this to be a step backward for Renault
as they had, the previous year, released the R4 with a
more traditional front engine / frontwheel drive configuration
and introducing a hatchback body design.
What Renault engineers banked on was the continuing popularity
of rear engined cars in the European market - and the
sheer numbers of R8's manufactured proves that they got
Unlike the Dauphine
, which had a very rounded bodywork,
the R8 was very angular of design. Other improvements
over the Dauphine were made, most noteably with the
introduction of a new engine (956 cm� of 44 bhp) and
4 wheel disc brakes (a rarity for the time).
There was a choice between a three speed gearbox as standard
equipment and a four speed as optional. Most technical
innovations, were introduced a few months earlier on the
renewed Floride - Caravelle model.
a new model was introduced, the R8 Major. This
car had an enlarged engine, with 1108 cm� and 50 bhp,
and the 4 speed gearbox as standard.
The car had better
equipment than the normal R8: Chrome details on the
exterior, whitewall tires, the bootspace was covered
with upholstery, vinyl covered seats with adjustable
backs, arm rests on the front doors, ash trays in the
rear, moquette carpet on the floor, map lights on the
Yet another model was introduced in 1964
, the R8 Gordini.
This car had the 1108 engine, but now with 90 hp. The
car also was a bit lowered. The R8G was only available
in blue (the French racing color), with two white stripes
over the bonnet, roof and the boot. In 1965
gearbox became available. That was the standard three
speed gearbox, now electrically operated by buttons on
Rallying Renault 8 Gordini
Running a full scale works rally car is an expensive business, and Renault competition activities to the mid 1960's could best be described as only "good in parts". Renault management seemed to change their attitude to the sport without much regard for the potential of cars in production at any one time. Things would change for the better however when competition cars were prepared and managed by Jean Redele of Alpine-Renault fame.
When the 1255 and 1296 c.c. Gordini engines became freely available towards the end of 1965
, few doubted the potential of Renault in rallying, but the intervening two years had seen a constant struggle for reliability. The engines, particularly if bored to the limit and highly tuned, often developed gasket trouble, while the Alpines were much too fragile for the rough and tumble of rallying. In addition, Renault were loath to spend the small fortune on Scandinavian drivers which was very much the "in-thing" during the 1960's. Instead there was a desire to use home-brewed stars such as Jean-Francois Piot and Guy Larrousse.
the R8 Gordini 1300 was homologated as a Group 1 car - meaning that at least 5,000 were built in the 12 months before approval and was sometimes used with a prototype 1,440 Gordini engine, or even the two-ohc racing engines. The Alpine-Renault was homologated in 1,296 c.c. form as a Grand Tourer, and also used the prototype engines from time to time.
In the 1950s, Bill Fursdon, Rex Neate, Desmond Silverthorne and
Mike Britton carried the Renault banner in Britain, with their little4 750s winning the Plymouth Rally twice, the Scottish once and innumerable class awards. The cars were given twin carburetors, special exhaust systems and Koni dampers. At the end of 1958
the gallant little 750s were changed for the much faster Gordini Dauphines.
Perhaps the first serious rallying Renaults were the Dauphines blooded in the Alps in 1956
, but the first really big win was in the 1958
Monte when Guy Monraisse and Jacques Feret used a works-backed, modified Dauphine. Feret became competition manager of the Regie to exploit the potential of the Gordini in 1965
. Just over a year later, in the summer of 1959
, an even quicker Dauphine-Gordini took first place in a gruelling Alpine Rally driven by Condriller. An even more remarkable achievement was the second and third places notched in the Liege-Rome-Liege marathon (Monraisse and Feret again piroting the leading car) - especially as the Dauphines had once seemed vulnerable to engine troubles on dusty roads.
Beaten By The Mini, The R8 Gordini Rekindles Hope
The next few years, however, were not at all happy for Renault.
Their basic car was soon outclassed by the BMC Minis, especially after the Mini-Cooper arrived in 1961
. Not even the 1000-off Renault 1093 (a sort of competition Dauphine-Gordini) could swing the balance back to Renault.
At the end of 1964
, however, came new hope. The Renault R8 had already been in existence for a couple of years, and Amadee Gordini had been busy developing competition engines for use in Alpine Renaults before the decision was made to combine the two in the R8 Gordini. The new car had a 95 bhp (gross) engine, four-wheel disc brakes and lots of other goodies, so stood a good chance of success.
Things looked good for 1965
, but first Renault notched up a good win in the Tour de Corse of 1964
, a short, snappy, but very arduous "rally" around the twisting roads of Corsica. The year's big showing was on the Alpine Rally, where hordes of the raucous works cars battled with BMC's Cooper S
. Honours were fairly even on this occasion, with Jean-Francois Piot and Jean Vinatier gaining Coupes des Alpes for unpenalized runs. Later in the year, Pierre Orsini rubbed in the worth of the Gordini by winning the Tour de Corse again.
The effort intensified for 1966
, as Renault-Sweden set out to prepare cars of their own, in addition to the official Regie Renault drivers. Berdnt Jansson, Harry Kallstrom and Sylvia Osterberg were to drive. French regulars were now J.F. Piot, J. Vinatier and J.P. Nicolas. By the end of 1965
the Gordini 1300 engine had become optional in the Alpine Renault, and a similar substitution duly arrived for the Gordini saloon.
The engine change was accompanied by a five-speed gearbox, twin fuel tanks and four headlamps, so the Gordini began to look every inch a serious competition car.
Orsini and Canonici drove their Renault 8 Gordini to victory in the 1965 Tour de Corse - then one of Europes toughest road events...
Both the Alpine and the Tour de Corse were scenes of outstanding achievements, both are "home midden" events to Renault, and Piot had the glory. He won another Coupe in a 1,440 c.c. prototype Gordini (and took 4th overall) on the Alpine, and won the Tour de Corse in the same car.
Nicolas also won a Coupe on the Alpine.
Renault Sweden had a very unlucky year. Jansson's Gordini blew up when leading the Swedish rally at three-quarter distance, and Hakan Lindberg succumbed to transmission failure when third on the RAC Rally later in the year.
, the Gordinis were well sorted, and the 1300 had been homologated into Group 2. A full season's experience with the new cars had been useful, so 1967 results were well worth shouting about.
Piot won the Rally of the Flowers (later re-named the San Remo) and the Iron Curtain Three Cities, while Vinatier backed up well with second place on the Danube behind Tony Fall's BMC 1800
The outstanding "new-man" was Guy Larrousse, who came to Alpine-Renault from NSU
-France. In French rallies he was just about unbeatable, in the Geneva he led the event until rough roads damaged the underside of the fragile little coupe, and led the Alpine until engine trouble let him down on the last night. Piot also finished seventh on a dry, tire -limited, Monte after making all the wrong choices. Harry Kallstrom's best showwing was in the Alpine, when he took fourth place with a Gordini powered by the 1,500 c.c. two-ohc racing engine!
Because Renault-Sweden were not outstandingly successful, financial support was withdrawn at the end of 1967
. All Renault competition activities were instead in Redele's capable hands. In the 1968
Monte Carlo Rally all three works Alpine Renaults led the event, but Andruet crashed and Piot's car had trouble which left only the incredible Larrousse to fight two Porsche 911T's. His Turini crash in mysterious circumstances is now notorious, but Vic Elford's
Porsche seemed to have the Alpine's measure prior to the accident.
Of course Alpine Renault would go on to become one of the worlds leading Rally competitors. The turning point was, to some extent, thanks to the works Renault R8's Gordini's.